Ozone is a chemical compound that consists of three oxygen atoms O3, a highly reactive and energetic form of oxygen (O2).
Due to its extremely powerful oxidative properties, it has been used effectively as disinfectant throughout the world to destroy microorganisms in water treatment plants, swimming pools, etc.
Medical Ozone, a mixture of ozone and oxygen gas at very specific concentrations, has highly pronounced bactericidal, fungicidal, and antiviral properties and is widely used in treatments of infected and poorly healed wounds, skin ulcers, and burns.
When introduced to the blood stream, it stimulates activation of red blood cell metabolism with improved oxygen release and utilization, activates immunocompetent cells and stimulates release of cytokines such as interferons and interleukins resulting in modulation of the immune system.
Clinical effects of Ozone Therapy:
- Kills bacteria, viruses, fungus, and one cell parasites.
- Decreases inflammation and pain.
- Supports immune system.
- Optimises pro-oxidative and anti-oxidative systems of the body thus anti-aging.
- Improves blood viscosity and decreases clotting thus improving circulation.
- Improves cell’s oxygen utilization thus enhances cellular metabolism and detoxification.
- Activates intracellular energy production.
Methods of administration:
- Topical (applied to a definite or localized area of the body) ozone therapy is the very first method that has been used in medical practice. High concentrations are used for disinfection, while low concentrations promote epithelial healing.
- External methods:
- Application of antiseptic ozonated saline solution
- Application of ozonated ointments and vegetable oil
- Ozone “bagging” (O3/O2 mixture filled plastic bags wrapped around extremities
- Parenteral Methods:
- Minor (intramuscular injections of ozonated autologous blood
- Major Autohemotherapy (intravenous infusions of ozonated blood)
- Subcutaneous ozone injections into biologically active points.
- Paravertebral and periarticular injections (prolozone)
- Enteral methods:
- Internal use of ozonated distilled water
- Rectal insufflation
- Vaginal insufflations
- Ozone allergy/intolerance
- Glucose-6-phosphate deficiency (G-6-PD)
- Blood Coagulation failure
- Hemorrhagic stroke